Archive For The “Islam” Category
By Pierre Hecker
By Umar F. Abd-Allah
Webb was once a imperative determine of yank Islam throughout the past due 19th and early 20th centuries. a local of the Hudson Valley, he used to be a journalist, editor, and civil servant. Raised a Presbyterian, Webb early on started to domesticate an curiosity in different religions and have become really excited about Islam. whereas serving as U.S. consul to the Philippines in 1887, he took a better curiosity within the religion and embraced it in 1888, one of many first americans identified to have performed so. inside of many years, he begun corresponding with very important Muslims in India. Webb grew to become an enthusiastic propagator of the religion, founding the 1st Islamic establishment within the usa: the yank undertaking. He wrote various books meant to introduce Islam to american citizens, begun the 1st Islamic press within the usa, released a magazine entitled The Moslem global, and served because the consultant of Islam on the 1893 World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago. In 1901, he was once appointed Honorary Turkish Consul normal in big apple and was once invited to Turkey, the place he obtained Ottoman medals of merits.
In this first-ever biography of Webb, Umar F. Abd-Allah examines Webb's existence and makes use of it as a window wherein to discover the early background of Islam in the USA. apart from his followed religion, each element of Webb's existence used to be, as Abd-Allah indicates, quintessentially attribute of his position and time. It was once simply because he was once so usually American that he was once in a position to function Islam's ambassador to the USA (and vice versa). As America's Muslim neighborhood grows and turns into extra noticeable, Webb's lifestyles and the virtues he championed - pluralism, liberalism, common humanity, and a feeling of civic and political accountability - exemplify what it capacity to be an American Muslim.
By Abdulaziz Sachedina
Abdulaziz Sachedina rejects this casual consensus, arguing as an alternative for the fundamental compatibility of Islam and human rights. He bargains a balanced and incisive critique of Western specialists who've overlooked or underplayed the significance of faith to the advance of human rights, contending that any thought of common rights unavoidably emerges out of specific cultural contexts. while, he re-examines the juridical and theological traditions that shape the foundation of conservative Muslim objections to human rights, arguing that Islam, like all tradition, is open to improvement and alter. ultimately, and most significantly, Sachedina articulates a clean place that argues for a correspondence among Islam and secular notions of human rights.
By Dr Alex Mallett
The factor of Muslim reactions to the Franks has been a major a part of reviews of either the Crusades and Islamic heritage, yet hardly ever the focus. This e-book examines the reactions of the Muslims of the Levant to the arriving and presence of the Franks within the crusading interval, 1097-1291, focussing on these outdoors the politico-military and non secular elites. It presents a thematic evaluate of a few of the ways that those 'non-elites' of Muslim society, either in and out of the Latin states, reacted to the Franks, arguing that it used to be they, up to the extra recognized Muslim rulers, who have been initiators of resistance to the Franks.
This research demanding situations current perspectives of the Muslim response to the crusaders as fairly sluggish and demonstrates that jihad opposed to the Franks began once they arrived. It extra demonstrates the adaptation among the suggestions of jihad and of Counter-Crusade, and highlights detailed stages within the jihad opposed to the Franks: the 'unofficial jihad' - that which happened ahead of uniting of spiritual and political periods - and the 'official jihad' - which occurred after and thanks to this unification, and which has shaped the foundation of contemporary discussions. ultimately, the learn additionally argues that the Muslim non-elites who encountered the Franks didn't continuously face up to them, yet at a number of occasions both helped or have been unresisting to them, therefore focussing awareness clear of clash and onto cooperation.
In contemplating Muslim reactions to the Franks within the context of wider discourses, this learn additionally highlights features of the character of Islamic society in Egypt and Syria within the medieval interval, rather the non-elite portion of society, that's frequently neglected. the most conclusions additionally make clear discourses of collaboration and resistance that are at the moment focussed virtually solely at the smooth interval or the medieval west.
By Catherine Shakdam
Ashura … Ashura this present day is remembered for excellent many purposes; it has additionally been used to serve and assert the narrative of significant many of us – every one to their very own, each one to accomplish for specific goals.
But what's Ashura if no longer a common demand Liberation from the shackles of Falsehood? what's Ashura if no longer a grand statement of allegiance to God, the grasp of all international? even if Muslims care to recollect Ashura in the course of the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of the final prophet of God, son of Ali and woman Fatema, or for Moses’ victory over Pharaoh concerns little or no for Ashura has consistently spoken of the notice enacted throughout the righteous deeds of fellows of God.
Allow me now to talk to you of my Ashura, the mourning and grief I percentage with that of my kin.
For all of the reverence I carry in the direction of Moses and those that stick to in his trip out of Egypt, Ashura for me will eternally echo of Imam Hussain, martyrs between all martyrs, son to the Holy apartment of the Prophet, God’s righteous commander, the only soul which darkness may by no means contact, no longer even for a fleeting moment.
Songs and poems have risen in his identify throughout a long time of fellows, it really is Hussain ibn Ali generations’ of fellows and ladies have known as out in everlasting sorrow, for none may perhaps undergo the way within which he used to be stolen from us.
By Muhammad DIAKHO
By Guy Rotsaert
A PROPOS DE L'AUTEUR
Guy Rotsaert (1929-2010) était licencié en sciences mathématiques, candidature entamée à l’ULB, diplômé UCL (1951). Carrière dans l’enseignement au Congo belge interrompue en 1960. undertaking au Cameroun sous l’égide de l’UNICEF. Passionné de philosophie et de sociologie il a rédigé d’innombrables notes dont celles qui se trouvent ici rassemblées et coordonnées.
By J. Cesari
By Farhad Daftary
The Ismailis symbolize a tremendous Shi?i Muslim group with wealthy highbrow and literary traditions. The advanced heritage of the Ismailis dates again to the second/eighth century once they separated from different Shi?i teams lower than the management in their personal imams. quickly afterwards, the Ismailis organised a dynamic, progressive flow, referred to as the da?wa or challenge, for uprooting the Sunni regime of the Abbasids and setting up a brand new Shi?i caliphate headed by means of the Ismaili imam. by means of the top of the third/ninth century, the Ismaili d???s, working secretly on behalf of the stream, have been energetic in nearly each sector of the Muslim global, from important Asia and Persia to Yemen, Egypt and the Maghrib.
This ebook brings jointly a set of the simplest works from Farhad Daftary, one of many top-rated gurus within the box. The reviews hide more than a few specialized subject matters relating to Ismaili historical past, historiography, associations, theology, legislation and philosophy, among different highbrow traditions elaborated via the Ismailis.
The collation of those worthy stories into one ebook may be of significant curiosity to the Ismaili neighborhood in addition to a person learning Islam quite often, or Shi?i Islam in particular.
By Burjor Avari
Muslims were found in South Asia for 14 centuries. approximately forty% of the folk of this giant land mass persist with the faith of Islam, and Muslim contribution to the cultural historical past of the sub-continent has been huge. This textbook presents either undergraduate and postgraduate scholars, in addition to the final reader, with a finished account of the historical past of Islam in India, encompassing political, socio-economic, cultural and highbrow aspects.
Using a chronological framework, the booklet discusses the most occasions in every one interval among c. six hundred CE and the current day, besides the most important social and cultural subject matters. It discusses a number of issues, including:
- How strength was once secured, and the way used to be it exercised
- The problem of self belief because of the arriving of the West within the sub-continent
- How the Indo-Islamic synthesis in quite a few features of lifestyles and tradition got here about
Excerpts on the finish of every bankruptcy let for extra dialogue, and targeted maps along the textual content support visualise the adjustments via at any time when interval. Introducing the reader to the problems about the Islamic previous of South Asia, the ebook is an invaluable textual content for college students and students of South Asian heritage and non secular Studies.